0 Study Notes | CPR Canada

Study Notes

WHAT IS A HEART ATTACK?

A heart attack occurs when a part of heart muscle tissue dies because its supply of oxygenated blood has been cut off. Typically a BLOOD CLOT gets lodged in a CORONARY (HEART) ARTERY that has been narrowed by ATHEROSCLEROSIS (cholesterol). The supply of blood is cut off and the heart muscle beyond the clot is starved of oxygen rich blood and is therefore DAMAGED.

 

ATHEROSCLEROSIS
BLOOD CLOT
CORONARY ARTERY
DAMAGED TISSUE

 

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A HEART ATTACK

PALE
ANXIETY
SWEATY
SHORTNESS OF BREATH

INDIGESTION
TIGHTNESS OF THE CHEST

OVERTIRED
NAUSEA

STROKE

FACIAL DROOP
ARM DRIFT
SPEECH SLURRED
TIME TO CALL 911

 

ADULT CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION

  • Adult – onset of puberty (12)
  • Pump Hard – Pump Fast
  • 30 compressions + 2 breaths=CPR
  • Rate of 100- 120 compressions per minute
  • Compress at least 2 inches or 5 centimeters inches
  • 2 Rescuer CPR still 30 compressions + 2 Breaths
  • Pulse check (Adult/Child-Carotid/on neck) (Infant -Brachial/Arm)
  • If an adult has a heartbeat but is not breathing; give 1 breath every 5 seconds to keep the casualty alive.

CHILD CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION

  • Child- 1 year of age to the onset of puberty.
  • Pump Hard – Pump Fast
  • 30 compressions + 2 breaths=CPR
  • Rate of 100- 120 compressions per minute
  • Compress around 2 inches inches
  • 2 Rescuer CPR is 15 compressions + 2 Breaths
  • If an infant or child has a heartbeat of 60 beats or more but is not breathing; give 1 breath every 3 seconds to keep the casualty alive.

INFANT CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION

  • Infant anyone under the age of one year
  • Pump Hard – Pump Fast
  • 30 compressions + 2 breaths=CPR
  • Rate of 100- 120 compressions per minute
  • Compress at least 1.5 inches inches
  • 2 Rescuer CPR is 15 compressions + 2 Breaths